Process to Become a Court Reporter in Pennsylvania?

Rule 4002 of The Pennsylvania Rules of Judicial Administration defines a court reporter as:
“an individual employed, contracted or utilized by a court to record testimony whether through use of a stenotype machine, stenomask equipment, written symbols, or otherwise.”

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The Rule further goes on to name types of court reporters and they are:

  • Court reporters
  • Transcriptionists
  • Court Recorders
  • Any one employed or contracted to make the court record for use in any Pennsylvania court.

In short, a court reporter makes the legal record of court proceedings by transcribing what is being said into written text. This is done with high proficiency and accuracy. Once the proceedings have concluded, the court reporter in compliance with rules governing transcript production in Pennsylvania produces a transcript of the proceedings within a specified time mandated by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.
In order to become a part of court proceedings as a court reporter in Pennsylvania, complete the steps mentioned below:

Step 1: Get Postsecondary Education

Once you have completed high school, you will have to get yourself enrolled in a program that is geared towards training court reporters. The program you choose will depend on the type of court reporter you want to become. For instance, if you want to become a stenographer, you can go for a two year long Associate’s degree.

Step 2: Get Certified

To earn your certification as a court reporter in the state of Pennsylvania, you can take any of the following options:

  • t a Registered Professional Reporter (RPR) or the National Court Reporters Association (NCRA) certification.
  • Get a 95% score, at least, on the state certification exam.
Step 3: Start Looking for Jobs

Once you have met the educational and certification requirements, it is time for you to start looking for jobs.

Step 4: Become a Member of the Pennsylvania Court Reporters Association (PCRA)

You will have to become a member of the Pennsylvania Court Reporters Association (PCRA). The body offers excellent support to court reporters working in the state of Pennsylvania.

Step 5: Get Continuing Education

In order to maintain your certification, you will have to get a certain amount of continuing education credits.

Should I Become a Court Reporter in Pennsylvania?

Are you interested in becoming a court reporter in Pennsylvania? Read this following details for more information.

EducationPostsecondary certification or an Associate’s degree.
Area of StudyCourt reporting, Stenography, etc.
Experience/TrainingOn the job training

Key Skills

Oral comprehension, Typewriting, Strong typing speed, Good concentration, etc.
Annual Mean Salary – US (2020)$66,710 (Court Reporters and Simultaneous Captioners)
Annual Mean Salary – Pennsylvania (2020)$52,470 (Court Reporters and Simultaneous Captioners)
Job Outlook – Pennsylvania (2018-2028)7% (Court Reporters and Simultaneous Captioners)

Sources: O*Net Online and US Bureau of Labor Statistics

How Long Does It Take to Become a Court Reporter in Pennsylvania?

The time it will take you to become a court reporter in Pennsylvania will range between 2 – 4 years.

Requirements to Become a Court Reporter in Pennsylvania


Creating a word-for-word transcript of official legal proceedings with accuracy and speed is a skill, which can be learned through proper training. This is why it is recommended that you enroll yourself in a court reporting program in your nearest community college or technical school. The National Court Reporters Association (NCRA), one of the main certifying bodies of court reporters in the US, approves only two court reporting programs in the state of Pennsylvania.
Court reporting programs in Pennsylvania are offered both at non-degree (certificate) and degree level (Associate of Science). The former can be completed earlier than the latter but lacks depth and comprehensiveness. An Associate of Science degree in Court Reporting, however, will let you take courses in humanities, literature, social sciences, and history, in addition to core courses in court reporting. You may complete this degree in 2 years with full-time enrollment.


Getting certified in a competitive field like court reporting not only increases your chances of getting hired but may also get you a better salary package. To get certified, you may contact a national organization like the NCRA. This organization offers the Registered Professional Reporter (RPR) Certification.
Another option is to get certified at the state level, where you will need to obtain 95% accuracy score on the Pennsylvania exam which includes WKT (written knowledge test) and SKT (skills knowledge test). The SKT consists of:

  • Four-voice ordinary testimony – 225 words per minute
  • Literary or jury charge – 180 words per minute
  • Two-voice medical testimony – 200 words per minute
Continuing Education

It is worth reminding you here that your certification is not for life and will expire after three years unless you complete 30 hours of continuing professional education to renew your certificate.

Get Hired

Once you are certified, it is time to look for a court reporter’s job. Joining the Pennsylvania Court Reporters Association (PCRA) is one of the best ways to get hired in the state. The association’s official website contains an updated list of vacancies, which you can make use of. Furthermore, the PCRA organizes meet and greet sessions for its old and new members where you can network with senior court reporters and get a firsthand view of the profession.

How Much Do Court Reporters Earn in Pennsylvania?

As per the information received from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, court reporters and simultaneous captioners in Pennsylvania made $52,470 as annual mean salary in 2020.

Future Job Prospects

O*Net Online predicts a 7% job growth in this field in Pennsylvania from 2018 to 2028. Since the growth rate is higher than the national average of 3%, therefore expect stiff competition when applying for a job. However, you can increase your chances of getting hired and quickly by pursuing an associate degree in court reporting instead of a certificate and by getting certified by NCRA or one of the other national certifying bodies.

As the below-mentioned data shows, Pennsylvania was fifth on the list of the states with the highest employment level for court reporters in 2020

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